Vandoorne, Chantal[Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé au travail et éducation pour la santé (STES) - Appui en Promotion et en Education pour la Santé (APES-ULg) > >]
[en] Child and adolescent health ; Europe ; Health professionals ; School health promotion
[fr] Santé des enfants et des jeunes ; Europe ; Professionnel de santé ; Promotion de la santé à l'école
[en] This comparative study is intended to provide a better understanding of how health promotion services are organized in school settings in Europe and to show how health professionals involved outside or within the school setting help to improve young people's health. Methods: This study was based on an analysis of school health policies and the organization of school health services, where these existed, as well as on interviews with health and education professionals. The countries concerned were Belgium (French-speaking community), Denmark, France, Spain (Catalonia), Switzerland (Jura), Poland and Portugal. Results: Although the provision of health services for children and adolescents varied considerably, the health services available were very similar in each of the countries. The emphasis put on particular aspects of these services varied depending on the political and institutional culture in each country. Three different types of school health service provision were identified: community-based, school-based or health needs-focused. Conclusion: All countries had health education and health promotion services but the provision of these services varied considerably from country to country. They were provided either by a specific category of professionals (health personnel or teachers) or considered to be the responsibility of the educational community as a whole.
EHSP (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique) ; Laboratoire PAEDI, School Health Education research unit and IUFM d'Auvergne ; Appui en Promotion et Education pour la santé (APES-ULg) ; Institute of Public Health, faculty of Health science, Jagellonian University Medical College, Poland ; Child Studies Institute, Universidade do Minho, Portugal