Reference : Bacterial peptidoglycan (murein) hydrolases.
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Bacterial peptidoglycan (murein) hydrolases.
Vollmer, Waldemar [> > > >]
Joris, Bernard mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la vie > Physiologie et génétique bactériennes - Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Charlier, Paulette mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Foster, Simon [> > > >]
FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Bacterial Physiological Phenomena ; Bacterial Proteins/classification/physiology ; Bacteriolysis ; Cell Division ; Cell Wall/enzymology/metabolism ; N-Acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine Amidase/classification/physiology ; Peptidoglycan/metabolism ; Spores, Bacterial/enzymology
[en] Most bacteria have multiple peptidoglycan hydrolases capable of cleaving covalent bonds in peptidoglycan sacculi or its fragments. An overview of the different classes of peptidoglycan hydrolases and their cleavage sites is provided. The physiological functions of these enzymes include the regulation of cell wall growth, the turnover of peptidoglycan during growth, the separation of daughter cells during cell division and autolysis. Specialized hydrolases enlarge the pores in the peptidoglycan for the assembly of large trans-envelope complexes (pili, flagella, secretion systems), or they specifically cleave peptidoglycan during sporulation or spore germination. Moreover, peptidoglycan hydrolases are involved in lysis phenomena such as fratricide or developmental lysis occurring in bacterial populations. We will also review the current view on the regulation of autolysins and on the role of cytoplasm hydrolases in peptidoglycan recycling and induction of beta-lactamase.

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