Reference : Unrelated donor status and high donor age independently affect immunologic recovery a...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Surgery
Human health sciences : Immunology & infectious disease
Human health sciences : Hematology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/22918
Unrelated donor status and high donor age independently affect immunologic recovery after nonmyeloablative conditioning
English
Baron, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Hématologie]
Storer, Barry [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division / University of Washington > School of Medicine >]
Maris, Michael B. [University of Calgary - U of C. >]
Storek, Jan [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division >]
Piette, Fanny [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division >]
Metcalf, Monja [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division >]
White, Kristen [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division >]
Sandmaier, Brenda M. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division / University of Washington > School of Medicine >]
Maloney, David G. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division / University of Washington > School of Medicine >]
Storb, Rainer [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division / University of Washington > School of Medicine >]
Boeckh, Michael [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center > Clinical Research Division / University of Washington > School of Medicine >]
Nov-2006
Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation
Elsevier Science Inc
12
11
1176-1187
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1083-8791
New York
[en] hematopoietic cell transplantation ; immune recovery ; nonmyeloablative
[en] The risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is higher after HLA-matched unrelated donor (URD) than after HLA-matched related donor (MRD) nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We therefore investigated factors affecting immune recovery in 94 patients given HCT from MRDs (n = 51) and URDs (n = 43) after 2-Gy total body irradiation with or without fludarabine and postgrafting immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine. CD4 T cells counts remained below normal values during the first year after HCT in both patient groups. This included abnormally low counts each of naive CD4 T cells and memory CD4 T cells. Conversely, CD8 T cell counts reached the 10th percentile of normal 6 months after HCT in MRD and URD recipients. On day 30 after HCT, URD recipients had lower counts of B cells (P = .02), naive CD4 T cells (P = .04), memory CD4 T cells (P = .005), memory CD8 T cells (P = .005), and CMV-specific T helper cells (P = .007) than had MRD recipients. This delay in CMV-specific immune reconstitution translated into increased frequency of CMV antigenemia among URD recipients during the first 100 days after HCT. Older donor age was associated with low counts of naive CD4 T cells on days 180-365 after HCT (P = .003). Further, low numbers of T cells and CD34(+) cells in the graft and development of acute graft-versus-host disease were associated with impaired immune recovery of naive CD4 T cells and B cells. In summary, immunologic recovery was poor the first year after nonmyeloablative conditioning and was delayed among URD recipients in comparison with MRD recipients. Other factors significantly associated with delayed immune recovery were advanced donor age, low numbers of CD34 and T cells in the graft, and development of graft-versus-host disease. (C) 2006 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/22918

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