[en] PIXE ; proton ; color center ; lead white ; pigments ; archaeometry ; stain ; damage
[en] The particle induced X-ray emission method is perfectly adapted to the study, by external beam, of art objects (like paintings) and allows non-destructive analysis of the atomic composition of the target. However, a strange phenomenon occurs during irradiation on some pigments: dark brownish stains appear, and this could be due to the formation of color centers. In fact, these darkening spots progressively fade out and disappear after a few weeks. Heat and UV light accelerate the decreasing process. The aim of this study is to understand the physical processes of the stain creation and to find a way to make stains disappear, avoiding any damage for the painting. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
IISN ; Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS