Reference : Fe-57 Mossbauer spectral and muon spin relaxation study of the magnetodynamics of monodi...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Physics
Fe-57 Mossbauer spectral and muon spin relaxation study of the magnetodynamics of monodispersed gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles
Rebbouh, Leila [> > > >]
Hermann, Raphaël mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de physique > Département de physique >]
Grandjean, Fernande mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de physique > Département de physique >]
Hyeon, Taeghwan [> > > >]
An, Kwangjin [> > > >]
Amato, Alex [> > > >]
Long, Gary J [> > > >]
Physical Review b
Amer Physical Soc
Yes (verified by ORBi)
College Pk
[en] The Mossbauer spectra of monodispersed iron oxide nanoparticles with diameters of 4, 7, 9, and 11 nm have been measured between 4.2 and 315 K and fitted within the formalism for stochastic fluctuations of the hyperfine Hamiltonian. In this model, the hyperfine field is assumed to relax between the six +/- x, +/- y, and +/- z directions in space with a distribution of relaxation rates that is temperature dependent. Muon spin relaxation measurements have been carried out on the 9 nm particles between 4.2 and 295 K. Both techniques reveal three regimes in the magnetic dynamics of these nanoparticles. In the low-temperature regime, between 4.2 and similar to 30 K, the nanoparticle magnetic moments are blocked and a spin-glass-like state is observed with nearly static hyperfine fields, as is indicated by the well resolved magnetic Mossbauer spectra and the slow exponential decay of the muon asymmetry functions. In the high-temperature regime, above similar to 125 K, the nanoparticle magnetic moments and, hence, the hyperfine fields, relax rapidly and a typical thermally activated superparamagnetic behavior is observed, as is indicated by the Mossbauer doublet line shape and the muon asymmetry functions that are unquestionably characteristic of monodispersed nanoparticles. In the intermediate regime between similar to 30 and 125 K, the Mossbauer spectra are the superposition of broad sextets and doublets and the muon asymmetry functions have been fitted with a sum of two terms, one relaxing term similar to that observed at and above 125 K and one term characteristic of static local fields. Hence, in this intermediate regime, the sample is magnetically inhomogeneous and composed of nanoparticles rapidly and slowly relaxing as a result of interparticle interactions. The magnetic anisotropy constants determined from both the Mossbauer spectral and magnetic susceptibility results decrease by a factor similar to 4 with increasing diameter from 4 to 22 nm and increase linearly with the percentage of iron(III) ions present at the surface of the nanoparticles. The interparticle interaction energy is estimated to be between 89 and 212 K from the temperature dependence of the magnetic hyperfine field measured on the 9 nm nanoparticles.

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