[en] Saal S, Faivre L, Aral B, Gigot N, Toutain A, Van Maldergem L, Destree A, Maystadt I, Cosyns J-P, Jouk P-S, Loeys B, Chauveau D, Bieth E, Layet V, Mathieu M, Lespinasse J, Teebi A, Franco B, Gautier E, Binquet C, Masurel-Paulet A, Mousson C, Gouyon J-B, Huet F, Thauvin-Robinet C. Renal insufficiency, a frequent complication with age in oral-facial-digital syndrome type I. The oral-facial-digital syndrome type I (OFD I) is characterized by multiple congenital malformations of the face, oral cavity and digits. A polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is found in about one-third of patients but long-term outcome and complications are not well described in the international literature. Renal findings have been retrospectively collected in a cohort of 34 females all carrying a pathogenic mutation in the OFD1 gene with ages ranging from 1 to 65 years. Twelve patients presented with PKD - 11/16 (69%) if only adults were considered -with a median age at diagnosis of 29 years [IQR (interquartile range) = (23.5-38)]. Among them, 10 also presented with renal impairment and 6 were grafted (median age = 38 years [IQR = (25-48)]. One grafted patient under immunosuppressive treatment died from a tumor originated from a native kidney. The probability to develop renal failure was estimated to be more than 50% after the age of 36 years. Besides, neither genotype-phenotype correlation nor clinical predictive association with renal failure could be evidenced. These data reveal an unsuspected high incidence rate of the renal impairment outcome in OFD I syndrome. A systematic ultrasound (US) and renal function follow-up is therefore highly recommended for all OFD I patients.