Reference : Modelling the Arterial Wall by Finite Elements
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
Modelling the Arterial Wall by Finite Elements
Mosora, F. [> > > >]
Harmant, A. [> > > >]
Hallet, Claude mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Anesthésie et réanimation >]
Fossion, Anny [Université de Liège - ULg > > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Psycho et sc.éduc.) >]
Pochet, T. [> > > >]
Juchmes, J. [> > > >]
Cescotto, Serge mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Mécanique des solides >]
Archives Internationales de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique
3, May-Jun
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] The mechanical behaviour of the arterial wall was determined theoretically utilizing some parameters of blood flow measured in vivo. Continuous experimental measurements of pressure and diameter were recorded in anesthetized dogs on the thoracic ascending and midabdominal aorta. The pressure was measured by using a catheter, and the diameter firstly, at the same site, by a plethysmograph with mercury gauge and secondly, by a sonomicrometer with ferroelectric ceramic transducers. The unstressed radius and thickness were measured at the end of each experiment in situ. Considering that the viscous component is not important relatively to the nonlinear component of the elasticity and utilizing several equations for Young modulus calculation (thick and thin wall circular cylindrical tube formulas and Bergel's equation) the following values were obtained for this parameter: 0.6 MPa-2 MPa in midabdominal aorta and 2 MPa-6.5 MPa in thoracic ascending aorta. The behaviour of the aorta wall was modelled considering an elastic law and using the finite element program "Lagamine" working in large deformations. The discretized equilibrium equations are non-linear and a unique axi-symmetric, iso-parametric element of 1 cm in length with 8 knots was used for this bi-dimensional problem. The theoretical estimation of radius vessel, utilizing a constant 5 MPa Young modulus and also a variable one, are in good agreement with the experimental results, showing that this finite element model can be applied to study mechanical properties of the arteries in physiological and pathological conditions.

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