Reference : Impact of canopy aerodynamic distance spatial and temporal variability on long term e...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/213440
Impact of canopy aerodynamic distance spatial and temporal variability on long term eddy covariance measurements
English
[fr] Impact de la distance aérodynamique entre la canopée et le système de mesure sur les longues séries temporelles obtenues par covariance de turbulence
Hurdebise, Quentin mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biosystems Dynamics and Exchanges >]
Heinesch, Bernard mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biosystems Dynamics and Exchanges >]
De Ligne, Anne mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biosystems Dynamics and Exchanges >]
Vincke, Caroline mailto []
Aubinet, Marc mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Biosystems Dynamics and Exchanges >]
8-Aug-2017
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Elsevier Science
247
2017
131-138
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0168-1923
Amsterdam
The Netherlands
[en] Canopy aerodynamic distance ; Forest heterogeneity ; Eddy covariance ; Turbulence statistics ; Flux-variance similarity
[en] Understanding if and how the spatial and temporal variability of the surrounding environment affects turbulence is essential for long-term eddy covariance measurements. It requires characterizing the surrounding environment. One way to achieve this is to analyse the canopy aerodynamic distance (Δ), which is the difference between measurement height (zm) and displacement height (d).
In this work, an original method to estimate the canopy aerodynamic distance at a fine spatial (30° sectors) and temporal (one year) resolution was proposed. It was based on sensible heat cospectra analysis, calibrated on a measurement height change and validated using canopy height inventories. This method was applied to 20 years of eddy covariance measurements from the Vielsalm Terrestrial Observatory (VTO), a site located in a mixed temperate forest. The method allowed Δ spatio-temporal variability due to changes in canopy or measurement height to be detected. Relationships between Δ and turbulence statistics were then analysed: the momentum correlation coefficient (ruw) was found to be dependent on Δ, confirming that the measurements were made in the roughness sublayer of the atmospheric surface layer. In contrast, no such relationship was found sensible heat, CO2 or water vapour correlation coefficients, suggesting that the Δ variability did not affect significantly these fluxes. There were significant differences, however, between azimuthal directions, suggesting that these scalars were affected by
forest heterogeneity in a different way. Various hypotheses were put forward to explain the differences and their relevance was evaluated.
This study highlighted the need to consider the spatial and temporal variability of the surrounding environment in order to verify the consistency of long-term eddy covariance datasets.
TERRA Research and Teaching Centre - TERRA
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/213440
10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.07.013

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