Reference : Health Outcomes of Sarcopenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/209605
Health Outcomes of Sarcopenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
English
Beaudart, Charlotte mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Epidémiologie clinique >]
Zaaria, Myriam [> >]
Pasleau, Françoise mailto [Université de Liège > > Bibliothèque des Sciences de la vie >]
Reginster, Jean-Yves mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé publique, Epidémiologie et Economie de la santé >]
Bruyère, Olivier mailto [Université de Liège > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Santé publique, Epidémiologie et Economie de la santé >]
Jan-2017
PLoS ONE
12
1
e0169548
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1932-6203
United States
[en] OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to assess the short-, middle- and long-term consequences of sarcopenia. METHODS: Prospective studies assessing the consequences of sarcopenia were searched across different electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBM Reviews ACP Journal Club, EBM Reviews DARE and AMED). Only studies that used the definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People to diagnose sarcopenia were included. Study selection and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. For outcomes reported by three or more studies, a meta-analysis was performed. The study results are expressed as odds ratios (OR) with 95% CI. RESULTS: Of the 772 references identified through the database search, 17 were included in this systematic review. The number of participants in the included studies ranged from 99 to 6658, and the duration of follow-up varied from 3 months to 9.8 years. Eleven out of 12 studies assessed the impact of sarcopenia on mortality. The results showed a higher rate of mortality among sarcopenic subjects (pooled OR of 3.596 (95% CI 2.96-4.37)). The effect was higher in people aged 79 years or older compared with younger subjects (p = 0.02). Sarcopenia is also associated with functional decline (pooled OR of 6 studies 3.03 (95% CI 1.80-5.12)), a higher rate of falls (2/2 studies found a significant association) and a higher incidence of hospitalizations (1/1 study). The impact of sarcopenia on the incidence of fractures and the length of hospital stay was less clear (only 1/2 studies showed an association for both outcomes). CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia is associated with several harmful outcomes, making this geriatric syndrome a real public health burden.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/209605
10.1371/journal.pone.0169548

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