[en] Accidental Falls/prevention & control ; Bone Density/drug effects ; Calcium/administration & dosage ; Dietary Proteins/administration & dosage ; Female ; Hip Fractures/mortality/rehabilitation ; Humans ; Male ; Malnutrition/mortality/rehabilitation ; Monitoring, Physiologic/methods ; Prospective Studies ; Vitamin D/administration & dosage
[en] BACKGROUND: Hip fracture creates a worldwide morbidity, mortality and economic burden. After surgery, many patients experience long-term disability or die as a consequence of the fracture. A fracture is a major risk factor for a subsequent fracture, which may occur within a short interval. METHODS: A literature search on post-fracture management of patients with hip fracture was performed on the Medline database. Key experts convened to develop a consensus document. FINDINGS: Management of hip-fracture patients to optimize outcome after hospital discharge requires several stages of care co-ordinated by a multidisciplinary team from before admission through to discharge. Further studies that specifically assess prevention and post-fracture management of hip fracture are needed, as only one study to date has assessed an osteoporosis medication in patients with a recent hip fracture. Proper nutrition is vital to assist bone repair and prevent further falls, particularly in malnourished patients. Vitamin D, calcium and protein supplementation is associated with an increase in hip BMD and reduction in falls. Rehabilitation is essential to improve functional disabilities and survival rates. Fall prevention and functional recovery strategies should include patient education and training to improve balance and increase muscle strength and mobility. Appropriate management can prevent further fractures and it is critical that high-risk patients are identified and treated. To foster this process, clinical pathways have been established to support orthopaedic surgeons. CONCLUSION: Although hip fracture is generally associated with poor outcomes, appropriate management can ensure optimal recovery and survival, and should be prioritized after a hip fracture to avoid deterioration of health and prevent subsequent fracture.