Reference : Characterization of stony soils' hydraulic conductivity using laboratory and numerica...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/201553
Characterization of stony soils' hydraulic conductivity using laboratory and numerical experiments
English
Beckers, Eléonore mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Echanges Eau-Sol-Plantes >]
Pichault, Mathieu []
Pansak, Wanwisa []
Degré, Aurore mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Echanges Eau-Sol-Plantes >]
Garré, Sarah mailto [Université de Liège > Ingénierie des biosystèmes (Biose) > Echanges Eau-Sol-Plantes >]
12-Aug-2016
SOIL
Copernicus GmbH
2
421-431
Yes
International
2199-3971
2199-398X
[en] stony soil ; hydraulic conductivity
[en] Determining soil hydraulic properties is of major concern in various fields of study. Although stony soils are widespread across the globe, most studies deal with gravel-free soils, so that the literature describing the impact of stones on the hydraulic conductivity of a soil is still rather scarce. Most frequently, models characterizing the saturated hydraulic conductivity of stony soils assume that the only effect of rock fragments is to reduce the volume available for water flow, and therefore they predict a decrease in hydraulic conductivity with an increasing stoniness. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of rock fragments on the saturated and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. This was done by means of laboratory experiments and numerical simulations involving different amounts and types of coarse fragments. We compared our results with values predicted by the aforementioned predictive models. Our study suggests that it might be ill-founded to consider that stones only reduce the volume available for water flow. We pointed out several factors of the saturated hydraulic conductivity of stony soils that are not considered by these models. On the one hand, the shape and the size of inclusions may substantially affect the hydraulic conductivity. On the other hand, laboratory experiments show that an increasing stone content can counteract and even overcome the effect of a reduced volume in some cases: we observed an increase in saturated hydraulic conductivity with volume of inclusions. These differences are mainly important near to saturation. However, comparison of results from predictive models and our experiments in unsaturated conditions shows that models and data agree on a decrease in hydraulic conductivity with stone content, even though the experimental conditions did not allow testing for stone contents higher than 20 %.
TERRA
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/201553
10.5194/soil-2-421-2016

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