Reference : Effects of Inhalation of Dust and Endotoxin on Respiratory Tracts of Pigs
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/19721
Effects of Inhalation of Dust and Endotoxin on Respiratory Tracts of Pigs
English
Urbain, B. [> > > >]
Mast, J. [> > > >]
Beerens, Dominique mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Département de sciences fonctionnelles >]
N'Guyen, T. Q. [> > > >]
Goddeeris, B. [> > > >]
Ansay, Michel [Université de Liège - ULG > > > >]
Gustin, Pascal mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Pharmacologie, pharmacothérapie et toxicologie >]
1999
American Journal of Veterinary Research
American Veterinary Medical Association
60
9
1055-1060
Yes (verified by ORBi)
0002-9645
Schaumburg
IL
[en] OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of inhalation of feed flour dust and dustborne endotoxin on respiratory tracts of pigs. ANIMALS: 29 healthy Belgian Landrace pigs. PROCEDURE: Pigs housed in an environmental chamber were exposed for 6 days to feed flour dust (1 to 15 mg/m3) and dustborne endotoxins (50 to 2,500 ng/m3). Effects were evaluated by measuring albumin concentration, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, cell composition of nasal lavage (NL) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids and blood, and percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in blood and lavage fluids. Dustborne endotoxin was obtained by mixing endotoxins from Escherichia coli (serotype O127:B8) with feed flour before spraying the flour in the environmental chamber. RESULTS: Exposure did not affect cell composition of NL fluid or blood. Total cell counts of BAL fluids were increased in all groups exposed to dust. Macrophage counts were increased in pigs exposed to inhalable dust concentrations as low as 4.4 mg/m3, and lymphocyte counts were increased in groups exposed to high dust concentrations. Percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in blood and lavage fluids were unchanged. In all dust-exposed groups, albumin content of BAL fluid was increased, whereas LDH activity was unaffected. Macrophage and lymphocyte infiltration and edema in the bronchi were identified by light microscopy. Effects attributable to E. coli endotoxin exposure were not identified. CONCLUSIONS: Inhalation of feed flour dust did not affect nasal mucosa but did induce bronchial airway inflammation. Dustborne endotoxins did not have effects attributable to endotoxin alone.
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/19721

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