Reference : Testing and modeling a scroll expander integrated into an Organic Rankine Cycle
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Mechanical engineering
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/19343
Testing and modeling a scroll expander integrated into an Organic Rankine Cycle
English
Lemort, Vincent mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Turbomachines et propulsion aérospatiale >]
Quoilin, Sylvain mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Thermotechnique >]
Cuevas, Cristian mailto [Universidad de Concepción > Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica > > >]
Lebrun, Jean mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique >]
2009
Applied Thermal Engineering
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
29
3094-3102
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1359-4311
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] scroll ; expander ; Rankine Cycle
[en] Organic Rankine Cycles (ORC’s) are particularly suitable for recovering energy from low-grade heat
sources. This paper first presents the results of an experimental study carried out on a prototype of an
open-drive oil-free scroll expander integrated into an ORC working with refrigerant HCFC-123. By
exploiting the overall expander performance measurements, the eight parameters of a scroll expander
semi-empirical model are then identified. The model is able to compute variables of first importance such
as the mass flow rate, the delivered shaft power and the discharge temperature, and secondary variables
such as the supply heating-up, the exhaust cooling-down, the ambient losses, the internal leakage and
the mechanical losses. The maximum deviation between the predictions by the model and the measurements
is 2% for the mass flow rate, 5% for the shaft power and 3 K for the discharge temperature. The validated
model of the expander is finally used to quantify the different losses and to indicate how the
design of the expander might be altered to achieve better performances. This analysis pointed out that
the internal leakages and, to a lesser extent, the supply pressure drop and the mechanical losses are
the main losses affecting the performance of the expander.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/19343
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2009.04.013

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