Reference : Associative chunk strength in artificial grammar learning
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/1929
Associative chunk strength in artificial grammar learning
English
Meulemans, Thierry mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Neuropsychologie >]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
1997
Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition
American Psychological Association
23
4
1007-1028
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0278-7393
Washington
DC
[en] implicit learning ; artificial grammars ; memory
[fr] apprentissage implicite ; grammaires artificielles ; mémoire
[en] In four experiments, adherence to grammatical rules and associative chunk strength (including different measures, each calculated on the basis of the frequency with which bigrams and trigrams present in the test strings appeared in the learning strings) were manipulated independently in the test phase of an artificial grammar learning task. When participants learned few items of the grammar (Experiments 1a and 2a), the associated items were more often classified as grammatical than the nonassociated ones. On the other hand, when the learning phase included most of the grammatical items (Experiments 1b and 2b), the only effect observed was an effect of grammaticality. These results suggest that, depending on the specific constraints of the tasks, knowledge based on bigrams and trigrams and knowledge based on the abstraction of the grammatical structure can be used for the classification task.
Centre de Neurosciences Cognitives et Comportementales
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/1929

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