Reference : Pd/SiO2-cogelled aerogel catalysts and impregnated aerogel and xerogel catalysts: Syn...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
Engineering, computing & technology : Chemical engineering
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/19174
Pd/SiO2-cogelled aerogel catalysts and impregnated aerogel and xerogel catalysts: Synthesis and characterization
English
Heinrichs, Benoît mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie appliquée > Génie chimique - Chimie physique appliquée > >]
Noville, Francis mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie appliquée > Génie chimique - Chimie physique appliquée > >]
Pirard, Jean-Paul mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie appliquée > Génie chimique - Chimie physique appliquée > >]
1997
Journal of Catalysis
Academic Press
170
2
366-376
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0021-9517
San Diego
CA
[en] Pd/SiO2 aerogel catalysts have been synthesized by cogelation of tetraethoxysilane with complex Pd2+[NH2-CH2-CH2-NH-(CH2)(3)-Si(OCH3)(3)](2) containing a hydrolysable silyl group. Pd catalysts have also been prepared by impregnation of silica aerogels and xerogels with solutions of this complex or Pd2+(NH3)(4) followed by drying under hypercritical conditions or under vacuum. It appears that, in cogelled samples, the Pd2+ complex acts as a nucleation agent in the formation of silica particles. The resulting catalysts are then composed of completely accessible palladium crystallites with a diameter of about 2.3 nm located inside silica particles with a monodisperse microporous distribution centered on a hydraulic radius of 0.43 nm. The continuous meso- and macropore distribution is located in voids between particles and between aggregates constituted of those particles. In impregnated samples, it appears that Pd particles are located outside SiO2 particles. The relation between the texture of cogelled and impregnated catalysts and their behavior toward sintering has been studied in detail. In cogelled samples, it has been shown that Pd crystallites cannot migrate because they are trapped in the pores of SiO2 particles. These catalysts are sinterproof during hypercritical drying, When Pd crystallites are not trapped inside SiO2 particles, hypercritical drying leads to an extensive sintering of metal particles. During calcination of impregnated catalysts dried under vacuum, sintering occurs to a various extent depending on the support texture. The Pd crystallites size decreases when the pore size distribution is shifted toward the small sizes. (C) 1997 Academic Press.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/19174

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