[en] Endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated with β-cyclodextrin and hydroxypropylated or methylated derivatives solutions in order to quantify their cholesterol extraction capacity. Non-toxic concentrations of cyclodextrins (CDs) were determined following methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assays, total protein measurements, morphological observations and trypan blue assays. The residual cholesterol content of cells was measured and the extraction power of CDs compared to results obtained by phase solubility diagrams. Cholesterol was extracted with a dose-response relationship, the lowest residual cholesterol content being obtained with β-CD at 10 mM. Low substituted derivatives (Crysmeb® and hydroxypropyl-β-CD) maintained liposomes integrity (as shown before), were the less cytotoxic and presented the lowest affinity for cholesterol contrary to methylated derivatives with degrees of substitution around 2.