[en] We investigated the effects of a dual thromboxane (TX)A(2) synthase inhibitor and TXA(2) receptor antagonist (BM-573) on right ventricular-arterial coupling in a porcine model of endotoxic shock. Thirty minutes before the onset of 0.5 mg/kg endotoxin infusion, six pigs (Endo group) received an infusion with a placebo solution, and six other pigs (Anta group) with BM-573. Right ventricular pressure-volume loops were obtained by the conductance catheter technique. The slope (E-es) of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship and its volume intercept at 25 mmHg were calculated as measures of right ventricular systolic function. RV afterload was quantified by pulmonary arterial elastance (E-a), and E-es/E-a ratio represented right ventricular-arterial coupling. Mechanical efficiency was defined as the ratio of stroke work and pressure-volume area. In this model of endotoxic shock, BM-573 blunted the early phase of pulmonary hypertension, improved arterial oxygenation, and prevented a decrease in right ventricular myocardial efficiency and right ventricular dilatation. However, the drug could not prevent the loss of homeometric regulation and alterations in right ventricular-arterial coupling. In conclusion, dual TXA(2) synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonists such as BM-573 have potential therapeutic applications, improving right ventricular efficiency and arterial oxygenation in endotoxic shock.