[en] chemical analysis ; water ; effluent ; discharge ; oil ; oil-in-water ; hydrocarbon ; hydrocarbon index
[en] A new robust method for determination of hydrocarbons in water without use of Freon(TM) or other halogenated solvents has been validated and subjected to an interlaboratory exercise. The method is based on extraction with a light hydrocarbon (boiling point in the 39-69 degrees C range), followed by cleanup for removal of polar components and detection by gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionisation (FID) detection. The performance characteristics of the method are comparable with that of the previous Freon-IR method with recoveries in the 60-80% range and reproducibility (between laboratory variations) of about 30%. A screening method for hydrocarbons in the range 5 ppm and above based on infrared spectroscopy (IR), and a promising method for detection of low levels based on solid phase extraction (SPE) has been tested and validated. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.