Reference : The role of landscape design in improving the microclimate in traditional courtyard b...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Engineering, computing & technology : Architecture
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/167609
The role of landscape design in improving the microclimate in traditional courtyard buildings in hot arid climates
English
Attia, Shady mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur A&U > Techniques de construction des bâtiments >]
2006
Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture - PLEA 2006
PLEA - Université de Genève - groupe énergie
22-24
Yes
International
Genève
Switzerland
23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture - PLEA 2006
6-8 september 2006
PLEA - Université de Genève - groupe énergie
Genève
Switzerland
[en] landscape design ; microclimate ; courtyard buildings ; hot arid climate ; Egypt ; landscape architecture
[en] Arab Islamic landscape design forms a unique source of inspiration for landscape architecture in barren open spaces of the Middle East. Arab Islamic gardens adopted a system marked by perfect responsiveness to environment. The design of urban landscape and gardens in Arab Islamic culture was similarly guided by the dictation of aridity. The need to provide shade, to prevent dust and to conserve water meant that urban open spaces and gardens were sheltered and enclosed. Alhambra in Moorish Spain and the Al-Suhaymi House in Islamic Cairo are two useful historical references for vernacular Islamic landscape designs. This paper presents an overview of landscape design considerations for the composition of vegetation and water and initial observations of their influence in controlling and improving the microclimate in courtyards buildings as a way of passive cooling in the Middle East region. This paper is a part of a Master’s thesis in the field of passive landscape strategies at Wageningen University. The objective is to identify the comfort improvements potential of successfully-planned and integrated landscape design in traditional courtyard buildings. The layout and plant material of Alhambra, Generalife courts and Al-Suhaymi court in Islamic Cairo are examined and evaluated. This study demonstrates that in arid environments, the landscape planning, the composition of vegetation and water and choice of planting material all have important consequences in creating thermally-pleasant environments.
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/167609

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