Reference : A randomized study over 13 cycles to assess the influence of oral contraceptives cont...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)
Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/5951
A randomized study over 13 cycles to assess the influence of oral contraceptives containing ethinylestradiol combined with drospirenone or desogestrel on carbohydrate metabolism.
English
Gaspard, Ulysse mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Gynécologie-Obstétrique >]
Scheen, André mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Diabétologie, nutrition et maladie métaboliques - Médecine interne générale >]
Endrikat, J. [> > > >]
Buicu, C. [> > > >]
Lefebvre, Pierre [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Diabétologie,nutrition, maladies métaboliques >]
Gerlinger, C. [> > > >]
Heithecker, R. [> > > >]
2003
Contraception
Elsevier
67
6
423-9
Yes (verified by ORBi)
0010-7824
New York
NY
[en] carbohydrate metabolism ; desogestrel ; ethinylestradiol ; drospirenone ; Adolescent ; oral contraceptives ; Adult ; Androstenes/administration & dosage/adverse effects ; Blood Glucose/analysis ; Blood Pressure ; Body Weight ; C-Peptide/blood ; Carbohydrate Metabolism ; Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/adverse effects ; Desogestrel/administration & dosage/adverse effects ; Ethinyl Estradiol/administration & dosage/adverse effects ; Fasting ; Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood ; Female ; Glucose Tolerance Test ; Humans ; Insulin/blood ; Kinetics
[en] In this open-label, randomized study we compared the influence of a new oral contraceptive containing 30 microg ethinylestradiol and 3 mg drospirenone (Yasmin) with a reference preparation containing 30 microg ethinylestradiol and 150 microg desogestrel (Marvelon) on variables of carbohydrate metabolism by means of oral glucose tolerance tests at baseline and in the 6th and 13th treatment cycle. The mean levels of fasting glucose and insulin were similar at baseline and after 13 treatment cycles, whereas C-peptide and free fatty acid levels decreased slightly in both groups. All blood glucose and insulin values measured in the oral glucose tolerance tests were within normal ranges, despite a slight increase in the mean areas under the curves of 0-3 h [AUCs (0-3 h)] of both variables from baseline to treatment cycle 13. Differences between both treatments were not statistically significant. The mean AUCs (0-3 h) for C-peptide were not markedly changed in any treatment group. Free fatty acid levels decreased by 42% in the drospirenone group and increased by 48.9% in the desogestrel group, in terms of means of individual changes. Both preparations were well tolerated and equally efficacious regarding contraception and cycle control. The mean body weight was slightly decreased in most cycles during treatment with the drospirenone combination, as compared to baseline, while it was slightly increased versus baseline in all cycles during treatment with the desogestrel combination. The combination with drospirenone had less impact on blood pressure than the combination with desogestrel. In conclusion, Yasmin, a combined low-dose oral contraceptive with 30 microg ethinylestradiol and 3 mg of the novel progestogen drospirenone, as well as the reference Marvelon, containing 30 microg ethinylestradiol and 150 microg desogestrel had little impact on carbohydrate metabolism when used for 1 year. The observed changes were small and not suggestive of a clinically relevant deterioration of carbohydrate metabolism.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/5951
also: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/14693
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00107824

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