Reference : Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology. I. Nitrogen excess in s...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/14169
Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology. I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars
English
Morel, Thierry [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Departement Natuurkunde en Sterrenkunde, Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium > > > >]
Butler, K. [Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Scheinerstrasse 1, 81679 München, Germany]
Aerts, C. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Departement Natuurkunde en Sterrenkunde, Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Astrophysics, University of Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands]
Neiner, C. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Departement Natuurkunde en Sterrenkunde, Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium; GEPI, UMR 8111 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France]
Briquet, Maryline mailto [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Departement Natuurkunde en Sterrenkunde, Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
1-Oct-2006
Astronomy and Astrophysics
EDP Sciences
457
651-663
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0004-6361
1432-0746
Les Ulis
France
[en] stars: early-type ; stars: fundamental parameters ; stars: abundances ; stars: atmospheres ; stars: oscillations
[en] Seismic modelling of the β Cephei stars promises major advances in our understanding of the physics of early B-type stars on (or close to) the main sequence. However, a precise knowledge of their physical parameters and metallicity is a prerequisite for correct mode identification and inferences regarding their internal structure. Here we present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine prime targets for theoretical modelling: <ASTROBJ>γ Peg</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>δ Cet</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>ν Eri</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>β CMa</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>ξ1 CMa</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>V836 Cen</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>V2052 Oph</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>β Cep</ASTROBJ> and DD (12) Lac (hereafter <ASTROBJ>12 Lac</ASTROBJ>). The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our curve-of-growth abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, Ω R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: <ASTROBJ>β Cep</ASTROBJ> (Ω R ~ 26 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]), <ASTROBJ>V2052 Oph</ASTROBJ> (Ω R ~ 56 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]), <ASTROBJ>δ Cet</ASTROBJ> (Ω R < 28 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) and <ASTROBJ>ξ1 CMa</ASTROBJ> (Ω R sin i ⪠10 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]). The existence of core-processed material at the surface of such largely unevolved, slowly-rotating objects is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. We draw attention to the fact that three stars in this subsample have a detected magnetic field and briefly discuss recent theoretical work pointing to the occurrence of diffusion effects in β Cephei stars possibly capable of altering the nitrogen surface abundance. On the other hand, the abundances of all the other chemical elements considered are, within the errors, indistinguishable from the values found for OB dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Despite the mild nitrogen excess observed in some objects, we thus find no evidence for a significantly higher photospheric metal content in the studied β Cephei stars compared to non-pulsating B-type stars of similar characteristics.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/14169
10.1051/0004-6361:20065171
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006A%26A...457..651M
http://de.arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0607264

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