|Reference : Short administration of metformin improves insulin sensitivity in android obese subjects...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Human health sciences : Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition|
|Short administration of metformin improves insulin sensitivity in android obese subjects with impaired glucose tolerance.|
|Scheen, André [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Diabétologie, nutrition et maladie métaboliques - Médecine interne générale >]|
|Letiexhe, Michel [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Diabétologie,nutrition, maladies métaboliques >]|
|Lefebvre, Pierre [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Diabétologie,nutrition, maladies métaboliques >]|
|Diabetic Medicine : A Journal of the British Diabetic Association|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] Adult ; Blood Glucose/metabolism ; Body Constitution ; C-Peptide/blood ; Cross-Over Studies ; Double-Blind Method ; Female ; Glucose Intolerance/blood/drug therapy/etiology/physiopathology ; Glucose Tolerance Test ; Humans ; Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage ; Insulin/blood ; Male ; Metformin/administration & dosage ; Obesity/blood/complications/drug therapy/physiopathology|
|[en] In a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study, the metabolic effects of a short treatment with metformin (2 x 850 mg day-1 for 2 days and 850 mg 1 h before evaluation) were compared to those of placebo in 15 obese subjects (BMI: 33.2 +/- 0.9 kg m-2), with abdominal distribution of adipose tissue and impaired glucose tolerance. An intravenous glucose tolerance test (0.3 g glucose kg-1) was performed after each period of treatment. Areas under the curve (AUC0-180 min) were calculated for plasma glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels. Glucose tolerance was estimated by the coefficient of glucose assimilation (KG). Insulin sensitivity (SI) and glucose effectiveness (SG) indices were calculated using Bergman's minimal model. Insulin secretion rate (ISR) was determined by deconvolution of plasma C-peptide levels and insulin metabolic clearance rate (MCR) was estimated by dividing AUC 1SR by AUC insulin. Fasting plasma insulin levels were reduced after metformin (89.3 +/- 15.9 vs 112.4 +/- 24.3 pmol l-1; p = 0.04). AUC glucose, KG and SG were similar in both tests. However, AUC insulin was reduced (39.7 +/- 6.5 vs 51.8 +/- 10.4 nmol min l-1; p = 0.02), while SI (6.98 +/- 1.14 vs 4.61 +/- 0.42 10(-5) min-1 pmol-1 l; p = 0.03) and insulin MCR (715 +/- 116 vs 617 +/- 94 ml min-1 m-2; p = 0.03) were increased after metformin. The demonstration that metformin rapidly improves insulin sensitivity should encourage further research to evaluate the long-term effects of metformin in android obese subjects with impaired oral glucose tolerance.|
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