|Reference : Structural Behavior of Concrete Columns under Natural Fires|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Engineering, computing & technology : Civil engineering|
|Structural Behavior of Concrete Columns under Natural Fires|
|Gernay, Thomas [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur SE > Ingénierie du feu >]|
|Dimia, Mohamed Salah [University of Batna > Department of Civil Engineering > > >]|
|Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|[en] Concrete columns ; Natural fire ; Constitutive model ; Transient creep ; Delayed collapse|
|[en] Purpose - The paper aims to give an insight into the behavior of reinforced concrete columns during and after the cooling phase of a fire. The study is based on numerical simulations as these tools are frequently used in structural engineering. As the reliability of numerical analysis largely depends on the validity of the constitutive models, the development of a concrete model suitable for natural fire analysis is addressed in the study.
Design/methodology/approach - The paper proposes theoretical considerations supported by numerical examples to discuss the capabilities and limitations of different classes of concrete models and eventually to develop a new concrete model that meets the requirements in case of natural fire analysis. Then, the study performs numerical simulations of concrete columns subjected to natural fire using the new concrete model. A parametric analysis allows for determining the main factors that affect the structural behavior in cooling.
Findings – Failure of concrete columns during and after the cooling phase of a fire is a possible event. The most critical situations with respect to delayed failure arise for short fires and for columns with low slenderness or massive sections. The concrete model used in the simulations is of prime importance and the use of the Eurocode model would lead to unsafe results.
Practical implications – The paper includes implications for the assessment of the fire resistance of concrete elements in a performance-based environment.
Originality/value – The paper provides original information about the risk of structural collapse during cooling.
|Researchers ; Professionals ; Students|
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