|Reference : Does implicit memory during anaesthesia persist in children?|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior|
|Does implicit memory during anaesthesia persist in children?|
|Lopez, Ursula [Division of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital of Geneva]|
|Habre, w [ > > ]|
|Laurencon, M. [ > > ]|
|Willems, Sylvie [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]|
|Schmidt, Christina [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Neuropsychologie >]|
|Van der Linden, Martial [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychopathologie cognitive >]|
|Iselin-Chaves, Irène [ > > ]|
|British Journal of Anaesthesia|
|Oxford University Press|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] anaesthesia ; paediatric ; memory|
|[en] Background. Recent studies suggest that implicit memory (especially perceptual implicit
memory) persists during adequate general anaesthesia in adults. Studies in children, however,
have failed to demonstrate implicit memory during general anaesthesia, possibly because of
differences in methodological design. We therefore designed a prospective study with the aim
of evaluating implicit memory in children undergoing general anaesthesia, using a perceptual
memory test based on the mere exposure effect, previously tested in a control group.
Methods. Twelve infrequent neutral words were played 12 times in a random sequence via
headphones to 36 children aged 8–12 yr during elective or emergency surgery. The children
were not premedicated, and general anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane. The word
presentation started immediately after the surgical incision. Within 36 h after the stimulus
presentation, the memory was assessed by using a forced-choice preference judgement task.
Time constraint and word deterioration with a low-pass filter were used to prevent the subjects
from utilizing intentional retrieval. The implicit memory score was obtained by calculating
the proportion of target words preferred, which was compared with the chance level (0.5).
Results. The percentage of correct responses given by the children was comparable with the
chance level. The memory score was mean (SD) 0.48 (0.16) (95% CI 0.43–0.53).
Conclusions. The use of a perceptual implicit memory test based on the mere exposure procedure
in children failed to reveal any evidence of implicit memory under general anaesthesia.
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