Eggenberger, P.[Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique de l'Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium; Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 chemin des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette[Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique de l'Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium]
Hekker, S.[Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussels, Belgium ; Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium ; School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK]
De Ridder, J.[Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Weiss, W.[Institute for Astronomy, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria]
Baglin, A.[LESIA, UMR8109, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon, France]
[en] stars: fundamental parameters ; stars: horizontal-branch ; stars: mass-loss ; stars: oscillations ; galaxy: disk ; galaxy: stellar content
[en] Context: The detection with CoRoT of solar-like oscillations in nearly 800 red giants in the first 150-days long observational run paves the way for detailed studies of populations of galactic-disk red giants. <BR />Aims: We investigate which information on the observed population can be recovered by the distribution of the observed seismic constraints: the frequency of maximum oscillation power (ν_max) and the large frequency separation (Δν). <BR />Methods: We propose to use the observed distribution of ν_max and of Δν as a tool for investigating the properties of galactic red-giant stars through comparison with simulated distributions based on synthetic stellar populations. <BR />Results: We can clearly identify the bulk of the red giants observed by CoRoT as red-clump stars, i.e. post-flash core-He-burning stars. The distribution of ν_max and of Δν gives us access to the distribution of the stellar radius and mass, and thus represent a most promising probe of the age and star formation rate of the disk, and of the mass-loss rate during the red-giant branch. <BR />Conclusions: CoRoT observations are supplying seismic constraints for the most populated class of He-burning stars in the galactic disk. This opens a new access gate to probing the properties of red-giant stars that, coupled with classical observations, promises to extend our knowledge of these advanced phases of stellar evolution and to add relevant constraints to models of composite stellar populations in the Galaxy. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.