|Reference : Study of the microbial flora of freshwater and seawater fish filets in different pack...|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference|
|Life sciences : Agriculture & agronomy|
|Study of the microbial flora of freshwater and seawater fish filets in different packaging conditions by metagenomic analysis targeted on the 16S ribosomal DNA|
|Delhalle, Laurent [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires >]|
|Taminiau, Bernard [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires >]|
|Nezer, Carine |
|Daube, Georges [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires >]|
|2nd Scientific day|
|October 19th, 2012|
|[en] Metagenomic ; Fish ; Shelf life|
|[en] Metagenomics has appeared as a powerful tool to study bacterial composition of various environmental samples. This work describes the application of this technique to study the bacterial population of two fresh fish filets. The two fish species are from freshwater (pangasius) and seawater (haddock), respectively. Samples where directly analyzed the day of receipt. Others samples were analyzed at the end their shelf life after storage at 4°C (1/3 of their shelf life) and 8°C (2/3 of their shelf life). For these samples, packagings were made in plastic wrap for atmospheric air condition and in trays under modified atmosphere. Classical microbiological and 16S rDNA metagenomic analysis were carried out on all these samples. The composition and evolution of microbial populations of fish filet stored under different packaging conditions and temperatures of storage were investigated with identification of bacteria species. A total of 40 different species were identified for both fish types. Gram-negative bacteria are always predominated among the initial flora and at the end of the shelf life in all the trials. At the beginning of storage, the predominant Gram-negative microflora consisted of Moraxellaceae (Acinetobacter spp, Psychrobacter spp.), Pseudomonadaceae (Pseudomonas spp), and Shewanella spp and the Gram-positive flora was identified as Lactobacillaceae (Carnobacterium spp), Brochothrix thermosphacta and Planococcus donghaensis (only for pangasius). For the pangasius, Planococcus donghaensis is only present before the fish is packed and its dominant presence could provide an indication of the freshness of the fish. The metagenomic analysis is a useful tool to identify and to measure the relative proportions of bacterial species in fish filet samples.|
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