Reference : Diet of harbor porpoises along the Dutch coast: a combined stable isotope and stomach co...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Aquatic sciences & oceanology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/134572
Diet of harbor porpoises along the Dutch coast: a combined stable isotope and stomach contents approach
English
Jansen, Okka [> >]
Michel, Loïc mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Systématique et diversité animale >]
Lepoint, Gilles mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Océanologie >]
Das, Krishna mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Océanologie >]
Couperus, A.S. [> >]
Reijnders, Peter [> >]
2013
Marine Mammal Science
Blackwell Publishing
29
3
E295-E311
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0824-0469
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] harbour porpoise ; stable isotopes ; Phocoena phocoena ; marine mammals ; SIAR ; mixing models
[en] High stranding frequency of porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, along the Dutch coast since 2006 has led to increased interest in the ecology of porpoises in the North Sea. Stranded porpoises were collected along the Dutch coast (2006–2008) and their diet was assessed through stomach content and stable isotope analysis (d13C and d15N) of porpoise muscle and prey. Stable isotope analysis (SIAR) was used to estimate the con- tribution of prey species to the porpoises’ diet. This was compared to prey composi- tion from stomach contents, to analyze differences between long- and short-term diet. According to stomach contents, 90.5% of the diet consisted of gobies, whiting, lesser sandeel, herring, cod, and sprat. Stable isotope analysis revealed that 70-83% of the diet consisted of poor cod, mackerel, greater sandeel, lesser sandeel, sprat, and gobies, highlighting a higher importance of pelagic, schooling species in the porpoises’ diet compared to stomach contents. This could be due to prey distribution as well as differ- ences in behavior of porpoises and prey between the coastal zone and offshore waters. This study supports the need for multi-method approaches. Future ecological and fishery impact assessment studies and management decisions for porpoise conservation should acknowledge this difference between the long- and short-term diet.
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV), BO Project 4308201019
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/134572
10.1111/j.1748-7692.2012.00621.x

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