[en] Since sub-endocardial ischemia is the consequence of a discrepancy between the blood demand and supply of oxygen at this level, the study of the myocardial performance by the measurement of the endocardial viability ratio (E.V.R.) is both useful and possible during anesthesia. E.V.R. is the ratio between the oxygen supply and demand of the myocardium. It is equal to the diastolic pressure time index (D.P.T.I.) over the tension time index (T.T.I.). Measurements are made at different times, by means of the arterial pressure and the left atrial pressure, as well as with the Datascope-E.V.R. Computer. During gradual morphine administration (0.5-1-1.5 mg/kg) and if no major surgical stress occurs, E.V.R. remains excellent and stable (1.46 - 1.48 - 1.43). It deteriorates more or less (1.29 - 1.09) during tachycardia or hypertension. Within the hour following the end of extracorporeal circulation, E.V.R. significantly improves (1.04 - 1.06 - 1.09 - 1.23). Although E.V.R. measurement is easy during cardiac surgery, it is impossible to carry out in case of arrhythmia. While morphine anesthesia induces no variation in E.V.R., tachycardia or hypertension require the addition of therapeutic drug. Within one hour following the end of extra-corporeal circulation, E.V.R. measurement shows improved endocardial viability, although the hemodynamic parameters undergo no significant change.