|Reference : Duration of corneal anaesthesia following multiple doses and two concentrations of tetra...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health|
|Duration of corneal anaesthesia following multiple doses and two concentrations of tetracaine hydrochloride eyedrops on the normal equine cornea|
|Monclin, Sébastien [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés > Pathologie médicale des petits animaux >]|
|Farnir, Frédéric [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de productions animales > Biostatistiques et bioinformatique appliquées aux sc. vétér. >]|
|Grauwels, Magda [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés > Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés >]|
|Equine Veterinary Journal|
|Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] horse ; tetracaine hydrochloride ; cornea ; corneal sensitivity ; Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometer|
|[en] REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY:
There is a clinical impression that tetracaine hydrochloride (THCl) eyedrops is a suitable topical anaesthetic in horses.
To determine the duration of corneal anaesthesia following instillation of multiple doses and 2 concentrations of THCl in 10 healthy horses.
The corneal touch threshold (CTT) was determined, in both eyes, before (basal CTT) and after application of one drop of 0.5% THCl, 2 drops at a 1 min interval of 0.5% THCl or one drop of 1% THCl. CTT was measured in mm every 5 min until complete recovery of the basal CTT. Treatments were separated by an interval of at least one week.
Corneal sensitivity was significantly reduced from baseline values for 30, 60 and 50 min after application of one drop of 0.5% THCl, 2 drops of 0.5% THCl and one drop of 1% THCl, respectively. Mean maximal anaesthetic effects, corresponding to a CTT of 0 mm, lasted 5.5, 16 and 15.25 min and maximal anaesthetic effect was present in 55, 90 and 80% of eyes, 5 min after application of one drop of 0.5% THCl, 2 drops of 0.5% THCl and one drop of 1% THCl, respectively.
The application of a second drop or the use of more concentrated eyedrops significantly increases duration of both anaesthesia and maximal anaesthetic effect.
Duration of corneal anaesthesia following tetracaine instillation was established enabling a better use when performing diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Comparison of tetracaine with other ocular anaesthetics needs to be published in the future.
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