Reference : Clostridium difficile in young farm animals and slaughter animals in Belgium
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Food science
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/131955
Clostridium difficile in young farm animals and slaughter animals in Belgium
English
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires >]
Taminiau, Bernard mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires > >]
Vandebroek, Johan mailto [Université Catholique de Louvain - UCL > Institut de Recherche Clinique > Pôle de microbiologie > >]
Avesani, Véronique mailto [Université Catholique de Louvain - UCL > Pôle de microbiologie > Pôle de microbiologie > >]
Delmée, Michel [Université Catholique de Louvain - UCL > Institut de Recherche Clinique > Pôle microbiologie > 2012 >]
Daube, Georges mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences des denrées alimentaires > Microbiologie des denrées alimentaires >]
18-Dec-2012
Anaerobe
Academic Press
18
6
621-625
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1075-9964
London
United Kingdom
[en] Clostridium difficile ; Slaughterhouse ; Pigs Cattle
[en] Faecal carriage of Clostridium difficile in healthy animals has been reported recently, especially in piglets
and calves. However there is limited data about carriage in animals just prior to slaughter in Europe. The
main objective of this study was to determine the presence of C. difficile in pigs and cattle at the
slaughterhouse. C. difficile was isolated in 6.9% of the cattle at the slaughterhouse. None of the pig
slaughter samples were positive for C. difficile after an enrichment time of 72 h. For complementary data,
a short study was conducted in piglets and calves at farms. C. difficile was more prevalent in piglets
(78.3%) than in calves (22.2%) on the farms. Regarding the piglet samples, 27.8% of the positive samples
were detected without enrichment of stools. The PCR ribotype 078 was predominant in farm animals.
Samples isolated from slaughter cattle presented the widest range in PCR-ribotype variety, and the most
prevalent PCR ribotype was 118a UCL. The results of this study confirm that C. difficile is present in
slaughter animals in Belgium with a large percentage of toxigenic strains also commonly found in
humans.
Federal Public Service of Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment (contract RF09/6226).
University of Liège - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Food Science Department - Food Microbiology
Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/131955

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