Reference : Urban sprawl, commuting and travel energy consumption
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Regional & inter-regional studies
Engineering, computing & technology : Architecture
Engineering, computing & technology : Energy
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/131680
Urban sprawl, commuting and travel energy consumption
English
Marique, Anne-Françoise mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Dujardin, Sébastien [Université de Liège - ULg > Lepur > > >]
Teller, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Reiter, Sigrid mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Feb-2013
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Energy
Thomas Telford Ltd
166
1
29-41
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1751-4223
1751-4231
[en] Urban sprawl ; commuting ; energy ; town and city planning ; transport planning
[en] Commuting to and from dense urban centres is often believed to be more energy efficient than commuting from more suburban areas. However, quantitative evidence is lacking. In this context, this paper investigates the interactions between the spatial structure of the territory and transport energy consumption for commuting. Based on empirical surveys carried out every 10 years in Belgium, a quantitative method was developed and applied to assess energy efficiency of home-to-work and home-to-school travels. Our main findings highlight that urban structure acts upon travel energy consumption for commuting and that major cities present low energy consumption. However, a local-scale approach is useful for refining these observations, and this approach highlights the existence of secondary suburban and rural cores that also are characterized by low transport energy consumption. In this respect, the distance from home to a destination is paramount, whereas the mode of transport used has a lower impact. The method is parameterised and reproducible in other territories.
Lepur : Centre de Recherche en Sciences de la Ville, du Territoire et du Milieu rural ; LEMA
Région wallonne : Direction générale de l'Aménagement du Territoire, du Logement et du Patrimoine - DGATLP
SAFE (Suburban Areas Favoring Energy efficiency) / SOLEN (SOlutions for Low Energy Neighbourhoods)
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/131680

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