|Reference : Cardiac Risk Assessment before Vascular Surgery: A Prospective Study Comparing Clinical ...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems|
Human health sciences : Surgery
|Cardiac Risk Assessment before Vascular Surgery: A Prospective Study Comparing Clinical Evaluation, Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography, and Dobutamine Tc-99m Sestamibi Tomoscintigraphy|
|VAN DAMME, Hendrik [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire >]|
|Pierard, Luc [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Cardiologie - Pathologie spéciale et réhabilitation >]|
|Gillain, Daniel [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Département des sciences de la santé publique >]|
|Benoit, Th. [> >]|
|Rigo, Pierre [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la motricité > Département des sciences de la motricité >]|
|Limet, Raymond [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique]|
|[en] Preoperative evaluation for cardiac risk assessment before peripheral vascular surgery remains controversial. Between January and June 1994, a prospective open study was carried out in 156 patients scheduled for elective vascular procedures (63 carotid endarterectomies, 34 abdominal aortic aneurysms, 29 aortoiliac and 30 infrainguinal reconstructions) to compare the ability of clinical data, dobutamine stress echocardiography, and dobutamine Tc-99m sestamibi tomoscintigraphy to predict postoperative cardiac events. Pharmacological stress testing consisted of incremental dobutamine infusion (+/-1 mg atropine to achieve 85% of age-predicted maximal heart rate, with continuous echocardiographic monitoring, and injection of Tc-99m sestamibi after dobutamine infusion). Dobutamine echocardiography was abnormal in 36 patients (worsening resting wall motion abnormality in 11; new induced wall motion abnormality in 25). Dobutamine Tc-99m sestamibi tomoscintigraphy revealed a reversible perfusion defect in 34 patients, indicating the presence of myocardial ischaemia. As a result, eight patients underwent myocardial revascularization (n = 5) or the proposed operation was cancelled (n = 3). In the remaining 142 vascular procedures, there were eight (5.6%) adverse cardiac events: three myocardial infarctions (two fatal), three prolonged myocardial ischaemia, one acute congestive heart failure and one sustained ventricular arrhythmia in the post operative period. Univariate analysis selected unstable angina (relative risk (RR) 11.6), previous congestive heart failure (RR 6.4), Detsky's score of > or = 15 (RR 3.0), positive dobutamine stress echocardiography (RR 3.7), and positive dobutamine tomoscintigraphy (RR 7.4) as significant predictors of postoperative cardiac events. In patients without clinical markers of coronary artery disease (n = 66), non-invasive cardiac testing did not predict cardiac complications (n = 2; one prolonged myocardial ischaemia; one infarction). In the subset of 76 patients with definite clinical or electrocardiographic evidence of ischaemic heart disease, dobutamine stress testing provided additional information, and optimized risk stratification: five of six patients who suffered a cardiac complication had a pathologic dobutamine stress test. Furthermore, a negative dobutamine stress test was characterized by a high negative predictive value (0.96 for echocardiography; 0.97 for tomoscintigraphy). The study further demonstrated that the cardiac response (ischaemic versus non-ischaemic) to dobutamine stress was concordantly classified by echocardiographic and tomoscintigraphic techniques in 96% of cases. It is concluded that complementary non-invasive cardiac stress testing by dobutamine is indicated only in patients with clinically apparent coronary artery disease.|
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