Reference : Social reform and federalist option in an early 1920s’ Zionist pre-State regional pla...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Regional & inter-regional studies
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Human geography & demography
Engineering, computing & technology : Architecture
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/130237
Social reform and federalist option in an early 1920s’ Zionist pre-State regional planning scheme
English
Fisher, Axel mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre de recherche Lepur >]
Jul-2012
18
No
No
International
15th IPHS Conference “Cities, nations and regions in planning history”
from 15-07-2012 to 18-07-2012
IPHS - International Planning History Society
Sao Paulo
Brazil
[en] Regional planning ; Jewish agricultural colonization ; Israel/Palestine ; Richard Kauffmann ; Jewish National Fund ; Rural Planning ; Kibbutz ; Moshav ; Design analysis ; Modern urban planning
[en] In Israeli architectural history, both the official dominant position and the emerging critique usually trace the birth of Zionist comprehensive regional planning policy back to the 1930s and to the rise of the so-called Bauhaus-style modernist architecture and urban planning. Looking back to the early 1920s, the Jewish colonization of British Mandate Palestine experienced a major shift, turning from a sporadic and experimental phenomenon to a conscious mass strategy. The Zionist Organization and its many agencies gained a hegemonic role in driving the “Return of the Jewish people to the (Promised) Land” and to agriculture. Hence, Zionism faced for the first time the problem of establishing the forms and features of the Israeli Nation-Space.A key figure in this process was the German-born Jewish architect Richard Kauffmann (1887-1958), which planned most of the new agricultural and urban settlements promoted by the Zionist Organization in Palestine.Placing side by side each of Kauffmann’s plans, an early pre-State regional planning scheme emerges. One that envisioned the Jezreel Valley as the future “core” of the Israeli nation-state shaped as complex polycentric urban network. There, a new national identity based on social reform, agrarianism and the reinterpretation of local geographic possibilities would have developed along an “ancient-modern” transcontinental route between the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Discussing Kauffmann’s contribution to the architectural and landscape expression of this ambitious and controversial resettlement project against geopolitical, agricultural and ideological issues, an alternative narrative of Zionist modern architecture and planning might open up and present-day architectural and planning practice’s “lost of the centre” can be usefully questioned.
Lepur : Centre de Recherche en Sciences de la Ville, du Territoire et du Milieu rural ; Faculté d'Architecture - Université de Liège
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Lepur : Centre de Recherche en Sciences de la Ville, du Territoire et du Milieu rural
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/130237

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