|Reference : Phenological patterns in a natural population of a tropical timber tree species, Mili...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology|
|Phenological patterns in a natural population of a tropical timber tree species, Milicia excelsa (Moraceae): evidence of Isolation By Time and its interaction with feeding strategies of dispersers|
|Daïnou, Kasso [Université de Liège - ULg > Forêts, Nature et Paysage > Laboratoire de Foresterie des régions trop. et subtropicales >]|
|Laurenty, Eric |
|Mahy, Grégory [Université de Liège - ULg > Forêts, Nature et Paysage > Biodiversité et Paysage >]|
|Hardy, Olivier J. |
|Brostaux, Yves [Université de Liège - ULg > Sciences agronomiques > Statistique, Inform. et Mathém. appliquée à la bioingénierie >]|
|Tagg, Nikki |
|Doucet, Jean-Louis [Université de Liège - ULg > Forêts, Nature et Paysage > Laboratoire de Foresterie des régions trop. et subtropicales >]|
|American Journal of Botany|
|Botanical Society of America|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] feeding behavior ; flowering phenology ; germination ; isolation by time ; assortative mating ; reproductive isolation ; tropical rainforest ; Milicia excelsa ; iroko|
|[en] Population genetic structuring over limited timescales is commonly viewed as a consequence of spatial constraints. Indirect approaches have recently revealed existence of reproductive isolation due to flowering time (the so-called isolation by time, IBT). Since phenological processes can be subject to selection, the persistence of flowering asynchrony may be due to opposing selective pressures during mating, dispersal and regeneration phases. Our study aimed to investigate phenology, fruit-handling by animals and their interaction, in a timber tree species, Milicia excelsa.
We analyzed phenological data collected over a 6-year period on 69 genotyped trees in a Cameroonian natural rainforest complemented by data from germination trials and field observations of dispersers.
Initiation of flowering correlated with variation in temperature and relative humidity, but was also affected by genetic factors: pairwise differences in flowering time between nearby individuals correlated with kinship coefficient, and earliness of flowering remained stable over time. A decrease in mean seed production per fruit with increasing flowering time suggests selection against late bloomers. However, germination rate was not affected by seed collection date, and the main seed disperser, the bat Eidolon helvum, seemed to increase in abundance at the end of the reproductive season, and preferred trees in open habitats where early and late bloomers are expected.
The pairwise approach performs well to detecting IBT. The persistence of different mating pools in such a case may result from a trade-off between selective forces during the mating and seed dispersal processes.
|Researchers ; Students|
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