[en] Pyelectasis is a dilatation of the renal pelvis. It must be differentiated from hydronephrosis which is a dilation of the renal pelvis and of the renal calyces. In this retrospective study, we focused on the treatment and follow up of 31 newborns in whom a pyelectasis had been diagnosed in utero. At the end of the study, 20 babies showed no sign of an urologic disorder whereas 11 babies did. Our study suggests that it is crucial to search for an urologic disorder in the neonatal period when a fetal pyelectasis has been diagnosed.