[en] School commuting ; transport energy consumption ; urban structure ; mode choice ; level of schooling
[en] A large amount of research in the past has focused on the relationships between the energy consumption for home-to-work travels and land-use patterns. However, little is known about children's mobility. This paper analyses the energy consumption, travel distances and modechoices for school commuting based on two decennial surveys in Belgium. The results highlight the following: (1) Mobility behaviours have evolved drastically over the past decades for school commuting, an evolution that cannot be entirely related to land-use variables. (2) The energy consumption for school commuting is strongly dependent upon the school level. (3) The links between land-use patterns and energy consumption for school commuting are different than those highlighted within the literature between urban forms and home-to-work commutes. The concentration of secondary schools and tertiary institutions in urban centres induces higher energy consumption rates, whereas the decentralisation of nursery and primary schools across the entire territory leads to very low local energy consumption and increased walking and cycling. These results provide a better understanding of school commuting within the European context and could guide future policies focused on transport energy consumption at the local scale.
Lepur : Centre de Recherche en Sciences de la Ville, du Territoire et du Milieu rural ; LEMA
Région wallonne : Direction générale de l'Aménagement du Territoire, du Logement et du Patrimoine - DGATLP