[en] Two women, aged 44 and 29 years, respectively, were admitted to the hospital in early 1987 for recurrent pneumothorax, dyspnea and a diffuse reticulonodular pattern evidenced on the chest x-ray film. Lung biopsy confirmed LAM in both patients. Both were treated sequentially with medroxyprogesterone and a LHRH agonist (buserelin) to achieve reversible medical castration. Neither subjective nor objective improvement was noted after 13 and 5 months, respectively, of buserelin therapy (900 micrograms/day, nasal spray) despite an effective suppression of the pituitary-gonadal axis. Medroxyprogesterone also was ineffective. Buserelin thus failed to control pulmonary LAM in these two patients, in spite of effective medical castration.