|Reference : Successful reduction of cholelithiasis in a holstein cow|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health|
|Successful reduction of cholelithiasis in a holstein cow|
|Lamain, Guillaume |
|Frisee, Vincent [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de production (DCP) > Département clinique des animaux de production (DCP) >]|
|Ramery, Eve [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Biochimie >]|
|Guyot, Hugues [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de production (DCP) > Médecine interne des équidés, des ruminants et des porcs >]|
|British Cattle Veterinary Association|
|[en] cholelithiasis ; cholestasis ; gallbladder ; colic ; cattle ; surgery|
|[en] A pregnant 3.5 year-old high-productive Holstein cow in the third month of lactation showed colic signs, marked anorexia, and stopped milk production. Clinical examination revealed tachypnea, pyrexia and the mucous membranes were all congested. Signs of abdominal discomfort were observed, the abdomen was tense and painful; digestive activity was poor. Blood investigations revealed inflammation, cholestasis, and leucocytosis with marked neutrophilia. Trans-abdominal ultrasonography revealed decreased digestive transit and enlarged gall-bladder. Hepatic or biliary involvement was suspected. A right-flank exploratory
laparotomy revealed a gallbladder filled with firm and mobile 0.5 to 1cm diameter fluctuant masses. Digital palpation allowed cholelith extraction through the cystic duct into the duodenum. After the surgery, the cow progressively regained a normal appetite and pain signs decreased. Blood samples analysed 10 days after the surgery still showed inflammation but to a lesser extent. Hepatic enzymes were markedly increased, indicating hepatic injury. Three months after the surgery, the cow was healthy and was inseminated. This case report suggests that cholelithiasis may be diagnosed and successfully treated in early stage of the disease in
cattle, though this condition is rare in this species. This is the second report of manual cholelith extraction in a cow.
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