Reference : 2B4 (CD244) is involved in eosinophil adhesion and chemotaxis, and its surface expres...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/127734
2B4 (CD244) is involved in eosinophil adhesion and chemotaxis, and its surface expression is increased in allergic rhinitis after challenge.
English
El-Shazly, Armel [> > > >]
HENKET, Monique [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie]
Lefèbvre, Philippe [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Oto-rhino-laryngologie et audiophonologie]
LOUIS, Renaud mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie]
2011
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Biolife
24
4
949-60
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0394-6320
Silvi Marina (TE)
Italy
[en] Actins/metabolism ; Animals ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology ; Antigens, CD/metabolism ; Cell Adhesion/drug effects ; Cell Line ; Cell Membrane/drug effects/immunology ; Cell Shape ; Chemotaxis, Leukocyte/drug effects ; Eosinophils/drug effects/immunology ; Flow Cytometry ; Fluorescent Antibody Technique ; Humans ; Microscopy, Confocal ; Nasal Provocation Tests ; Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism ; Pyroglyphidae/immunology ; Receptors, CCR3/immunology ; Receptors, Immunologic/agonists/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism ; Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial/diagnosis/immunology ; Signal Transduction
[en] A role for the subtypes of CD2 Ig superfamily receptors has been recently demonstrated in eosinophilic inflammation in experimental asthma and atopic asthmatics. We investigated the functions of 2B4 (CD244) molecules in eosinophil adhesion and chemotaxis, and correlated the results to the pathophysiology of allergic rhinitis (AR). Herein, we show that agonistic stimulation of 2B4 by C1.7, the anti-human 2B4 functional grade purified antibody, resulted in significant increase of eosinophils and eosinophil cell line (Eol-1 cells) adhesion to collagen type IV, and random migration. These functions were associated with tyrosine kinase phosphorylation of several protein residues of low molecular weight. Flow cytometry (FACS) experiments demonstrated that Eol-1 cells, normal peripheral blood eosinophils and eosinophils from AR patients, express surface 2B4 molecules. In vitro AR model demonstrated that the CC-chemokine receptor CCR3 stimulation by eotaxin induced significant increase in the expression of surface 2B4 in eosinophils and Eol-1 cells. Immunofluorescence confocal microscopy images showed that eotaxin induces also redistribution of 2B4 molecules towards the pseudopods in eosinophils and Eol-1 cells, changing their shape. Blocking of 2B4 molecules by the corresponding neutralizing antibody inhibited eotaxin induced Eol-1-adhesion, chemotaxis and the cytoskeleton changes. Pretreatment of Eol-1 cells with 1 microM genistein blocked eotaxin-induced Eol-1 adhesion, chemotaxis and 2B4 up-regulated expression. In vivo correlation demonstrated the expression of 2B4 molecules in eosinophils from AR patients to be significantly increased, after nasal provocation challenge. These results identify a novel role for 2B4 molecules in eosinophil functional migratory response and may point to a novel tyrosine kinase-mediated ligation between CCR3 receptor and 2B4 co-receptor in eosinophil chemotaxis. If so, then 2B4 molecules would be a novel target for therapeutic modalities in diseases characterized by eosinophilia such as AR.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/127734

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