Reference : The proteolytic activity of MT4-MMP is required for its proangiogenic and pro-metasta...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/126583
The proteolytic activity of MT4-MMP is required for its proangiogenic and pro-metastatic promoting effects
English
Host, Lorin [> >]
Paye, Alexandra mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie cellulaire et moléculaire appliquée à l'homme >]
Detry, Benoît mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie cellulaire et moléculaire appliquée à l'homme >]
Blacher, Silvia mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Labo de biologie des tumeurs et du développement >]
Munaut, Carine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Labo de biologie des tumeurs et du développement >]
Foidart, Jean-Michel mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Gynécologie - Obstétrique >]
Seiki, M. [> >]
Sounni, Nor Eddine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie cellulaire et moléculaire appliquée à l'homme >]
Noël, Agnès mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Biologie cellulaire et moléculaire appliquée à l'homme >]
2012
International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer
Wiley Liss, Inc.
131
7
1537-1548
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0020-7136
1097-0215
New York
NY
[en] MT4-MMP ; tumor host interface ; angiogenic switch ; metastasis
[en] MT4-MMP expression in breast adenocarcinoma stimulates tumor growth and metastatic spreading to the lung. However whether these pro-tumorigenic and pro-metastatic effects of MT4-MMP are related to a proteolytic action is not known yet. Through site directed mutagenesis MT4-MMP has been inactivated in cancer cells through Glutamic acid 249 substitution by Alanine in the active site. Active MT4-MMP triggered an angiogenic switch at day 7 after tumor implantation and drastically accelerated subcutaneous tumor growth as well as lung colonization in RAG -/- mice. All these effects were abrogated upon MT4-MMP inactivation. In sharp contrast to most MMPs being primarily of stromal origin, we provide evidence that tumor-derived MT4-MMP, but not host-derived MT4-MMP contributes to angiogenesis. A genetic approach using MT4-MMP-deficient mice revealed that the status of MT4-MMP produced by host cells did not affect the angiogenic response. Despite of this tumor intrinsic feature, to exert its tumor promoting effect, MT4-MMP requires a permissive microenvironment. Indeed, tumor-derived MT4-MMP failed to circumvent the lack of an host angio-promoting factor such as lasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1). Overall, our study demonstrates the key contribution of MT4-MMP catalytic activity in the tumor compartment, at the interface with host cells. It identifies MT4-MMP as a key intrinsic tumor cell determinant that contributes to the elaboration of a permissive microenvironment for metastatic dissemination
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/126583
10.1002/ijc.27436
FP7 ; 201279 - MICROENVIMET - Understanding and fighting metastasis by modulating the tumour microenvironment through interference with the protease network.

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