|Reference : EFFECT OF PARECOXIB, A SELECTIVE COX-2 INHIBITOR, IN THE PREVENTION OF POSTOPERATIVE ...|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a journal|
|Human health sciences : Surgery|
|EFFECT OF PARECOXIB, A SELECTIVE COX-2 INHIBITOR, IN THE PREVENTION OF POSTOPERATIVE ADHESIONS IN A RAT MODEL|
|Arung Kalau, Willy [Université de Liège - ULg > > > Doct. sc. médicales (Bologne)]|
|Drion, Pierre [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > GIGA-R:Méth. expér.des anim. de labo et éth. en expér. anim. >]|
|CHERAMY-BIEN, Jean-Paul [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire >]|
|HONORE, Pierre [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie abdominale- endocrinienne et de transplantation >]|
|MEURISSE, Michel [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie abdominale- endocrinienne et de transplantation >]|
|DEFRAIGNE, Jean [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire >]|
|DETRY, Olivier [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Chirurgie abdominale- endocrinienne et de transplantation >]|
|Acta Chirurgica Belgica|
|Acta Medica Belgica|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|Thirteenth Belgian Surgical Week|
|du 9 au 12 mai 2012|
|Royal Belgian Society for Surgery|
|[en] Objectives: Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are frequent after abdominal surgery. Many preventive agents have been tried in animal models and in clinical trials, but up to now, there has been no definitive strategy to prevent their formation. In this study, the effectiveness of parecoxib (Dynastat®), a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, in preventing experimental intra-abdominal adhesions in rats was studied.
Methods: Thirty male rats who underwent a primary surgical procedure aiming at inducing peritoneal injury to produce intraabdominal adhesion, were randomized in three groups: (A) control group, no therapy; (B) intraperitoneal (IP) parecoxib group; (C) intramuscular (IM) parecoxib group. Ten days later, a xyphopubic midline incision was performed and the whole abdominal cavity was explored to score the peritoneal adhesions.
Results: Twenty-three rats developed adhesions, 9 (100%) in group A, 7 (70%) in group B and 4 (40%) in group C (P=0.01). The extent and severity scores of adhesion were significantly lower in groups B and C than those in control group (p<0.001). Type of adhesions was measured at 2.25 ± 0.67 in group A, 1.20 ± 0.86 in group B and 0.82 ± 0.80 in group C. This was significantly different between group A and B (p<0.001), between A and C (p<0.001). But no significant difference was found between group B and C (p=0.17).
Conclusions: In this study, we found a significant effect on parecoxib in the prevention of postoperative adhesions. But, without avoiding completely the formation of adhesion, parecoxib reduces significantly extent and severity of postoperative adhesions in rats treated with IP or IM parecoxib administration.
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