|Reference : Composition and orbits of language operations: finiteness and upper bounds (26 pages)|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Mathematics|
|Composition and orbits of language operations: finiteness and upper bounds (26 pages)|
|Charlier, Emilie [University of Waterloo > School of Computer Science > > >]|
|Domaratzki, Michael [ > > ]|
|Harju, Tero [ > > ]|
|Shallit, Jeffrey [ > > ]|
|International Journal of Computer Mathematics|
|Taylor & Francis Ltd|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] formal language ; Kleene closure ; complement ; automaton ; orbit|
|[en] We consider a set of eight natural operations on formal languages (Kleene closure, positive closure, complement, prefix, suffix, factor, subword, and reversal), and compositions of them. If x and y are compositions, we say x is equivalent to y if they have the same effect on all languages L. We prove that the number of equivalence classes of these eight operations is finite. This implies that the orbit of any language L under the elements of the monoid is finite and bounded, independently of L. This generalizes previous results about complement, Kleene closure, and positive closure. We also estimate the number of distinct languages generated by various subsets
of these operations.
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