Reference : Assessment of erythromycin toxicity on activated sludge via batch experiments and micros...
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Chemical engineering
Assessment of erythromycin toxicity on activated sludge via batch experiments and microscopic techniques (epifluorescence and CLSM)
Louvet, Jean-Noël mailto [LRGP (UPR 3349 CNRS) Nancy Université INPL > > > >]
Helouin, Yannick [LRGP (UPR 3349 CNRS) Nancy Université INPL > > > >]
Attik, Ghania [LRGP (UPR 3349 CNRS) Nancy Université INPL > > > >]
Dumas, Dominique [Nancy-Université, Imaging Facility, FR 3209, 7561 CNRS, Faculty of Medicine, > > > >]
Potier, Olivier [LRGP (UPR 3349 CNRS) Nancy Université INPL > > > >]
Pons, Marie-Noëlle [ > > ]
Process Biochemistry
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] Macrolides ; Antibiotic ; Inhibition ; BacLight ; Microscopy
[en] This study investigates erythromycin toxicity toward activated sludge as a function of exposure time
and antibiotic concentration. Batch experiments were conducted and microscopic techniques ranging
from bright-field microscopy to epifluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), combined
with a fluorescent viability indicator (BacLight
Bacterial Viability Kit, Molecular Probes), allowed
us to study erythromycin time-kill activity. The erythromycin toxicity was observed at lower concentration
when exposure time increased. A 4 .g/L erythromycin concentration was toxic to heterotrophic
bacteria on a 5-day time exposure, and a 5 mg/L concentration inhibited nitrification. These findings
are in agreement with the microscopic studies, which showed a latency time before the lower antibiotic
concentrations began to kill bacteria. Microscope slide wells were used as micro-reactors in which
erythromycin concentration ranged from 0.1 to 1 mg/L. After 45 min there were 94% (SD 3.8) of living
bacteria in control micro-reactors, 67% (SD 3.1) in micro-reactors that contained 0.1 mg/L erythromycin
and 37% (SD 18.6) in micro-reactors that contained 1 mg/L erythromycin. CLSM allowed visualization of
isolated stained cells in the three-dimensional structure of damaged flocs
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public

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