Reference : Synthesis of new biomimetic biodegradable materials for clinical use
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Poster
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Chemistry
Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering
Synthesis of new biomimetic biodegradable materials for clinical use
Clement, Benoît [Université de Liège - ULg > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Grignard, Bruno [Université de Liège - ULg > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Lecomte, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Jérôme, Christine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Department of Chemistry > Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM) > >]
Belgian Polymer Group (BPG) annual meeting 2012
10/05/2010 - 11/05/2010
[en] ring-opening polymerization (ROP) ; cyclic phosphate
[en] For recent decades, the most commonly biodegradable polymers used in clinical and therapeutic applications are aliphatic polyesters such as polyglycolide, polylactide, polycaprolactone and their copolymers, mainly due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability properties. However, the lack of functional groups on the backbone of polyesters, which could otherwise be used for tuning physicochemical properties and for introducing bioactive units, limits their further biomedical applications.
Polymers with repeating phosphoester bonds in the backbone are structurally versatile and biodegradable through hydrolysis and possibly enzymatic digestion of phosphates linkages under physiological conditions. An advantage of polyphosphoesters (PPEs) compared to aliphatic polyesters is the possible functionalization of side chains due to the patenvalency of the phosphorous atom, allowing the introduction of bioactive molecules and extensive modification of the physical and chemical properties of final material.
The Ring-Opening Polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters is a well-established process to provide linear polyesters with predictable molecular weight, narrow polydispersity and well-defined end-groups. Up to now, metallic compounds are particularly used as initiators or polymerization catalysts to synthetize these materials but metallic derivatives are cytotoxic and a lack of residual metal contaminants is strongly required in view of biomedical applications. To tackle these drawbacks, we developed synthetic approaches that are metal-free (i.e., organocatalytic) using organocatalysis based on supramolecular recognition. A variety of organocatalysts such as 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]undec-5-ene (TBD) and a bicomponent thiourea-tertiary amine catalyst were studied. Each of these catalysts is efficient to produce linear polyphosphoesters (PPEs) from cyclic phosphate monomers (CPMs) but with different sensitivity towards transesterification side reactions. Compared with polymerizations carried out with Sn(Oct)2 as a metal catalyst, the control of polymerization is much better so that it is possible to prepare PPEs with molecular weight close to 70000 g.mol-1 and polydispersity index below 1.10. The chain extension experiments through the use of hydroxy end-capped PPEs as macro-initiators confirm the controlled/living nature of organo-catalyzed ROP of CPMs and pave the way to the synthesis of block copolymers based on polyphosphates.

Finally, these polymerizations procedures are expected to facilitate the synthesis of well-defined PPEs with various architectures and free of potentially toxic metal remnants. The easy availability of catalysts, the mild conditions of polymerizations and the metal-free nature of the polymerizations makes these catalysts very attractive candidates for the synthesis of PPEs for biomedical applications such as drug and gene delivery, tissue engineering and dental applications.
Center for Education and Research on Macromolecules (CERM)
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; The BioMiMedics Interreg Program ; The "Walloon Région"
This poster was presented by Benoit Clément.

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