|Reference : Creation, animation and perennial activities of Communities of Practice supported by ICT|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction|
|Creation, animation and perennial activities of Communities of Practice supported by ICT|
|Denis, Brigitte [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'éducation et formation > Techn. de l'information & de la communicat. pour l'éducation >]|
|Journal of Computer Assisted Learning|
|[en] Community of Practice ; CoP ; collaboration ; ICT ; standard ; knowledge management ; health ; education|
|[en] This paper considers groups of professionals (educationists, nurses…) or university learners. We observed how these groups tend to become CoPs and use ICT tools to support their activities. They started using different types of ICT resources to produce, classify and share knowledge and to communicate. Some of these tools are based on standards (norms from the W3C) and have been developed inside the PALETTE European project. The other kind of tool is the platform eGroupWare that integrates different services.
Our two main questions are: “Is it possible to create, animate and let a CoP supported by ICT become perennial?” and “Do ICT facilitate CoP’s development?”.
First, the present paper shortly describes the main characteristics of a CoP and existing typologies about CoPs. Secondly, we shortly describe the Web services used by several CoPs we followed during research projects. Thirdly, we present seven CoPs coming from different fields (learning with ICT, education, and health). After describing the methodology used to collect data, we examine the evolution of each group referring to their objectives. We underline the obstacles and the facilitating factors to become/act as a CoP. Finally, we conclude, answering our two questions, and providing some recommendations about the management of CoPs supported by ICT.
|Researchers ; Professionals|
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