Reference : Dietary, behavioural and socio-economic determinants of the metabolic syndrome among ...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/122220
Dietary, behavioural and socio-economic determinants of the metabolic syndrome among adults in Luxembourg: findings from the ORISCAV-LUX study.
English
Alkerwi, Ala'a [> > > >]
Donneau, Anne-Françoise mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Département des sciences de la santé publique >]
Sauvageot, Nicolas [> > > >]
Lair, Marie*-Lise [> > > >]
Albert, Adelin mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Informatique médicale et biostatistique]
Guillaume, Michèle mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la santé publique > Informatique médicale et biostatistique]
2012
Public Health Nutrition
CABI Publishing
15
5
849-59
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1368-9800
[en] OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present research was to investigate the epidemiological profile of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to explore its potential dietary, behavioural and socio-economic determinants among European adults residing in Luxembourg. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based ORISCAV-LUX survey. SETTING: European adults aged 18-69 years residing in Luxembourg. SUBJECTS: A total of 1349 Europid adults, who participated in the ORISCAV-LUX survey, were included in the study. The prevalence of MetS was estimated according to the Revised-Adult Treatment Panel (R-ATPIII) criteria. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the dietary, behavioural and socio-economic factors independently associated with MetS. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of MetS was 24.7 % with significant gender difference (18.5 % for women v. 30.8 % for men, P < 0.0001). Age, male gender, primary level of education, physical inactivity, family history of diabetes and hypertension and inadequate protein intake were identified as significant determinants of MetS, after adjusting for other socio-economic, family medical history and lifestyle factors. CONCLUSIONS: MetS is a common condition among Europid adults in Luxembourg and increases dramatically with age, in both genders. Several dietary, socio-economic and behavioural factors explain the disparity observed. These findings highlight the importance of a comprehensive approach to MetS encompassing dietary, lifestyle and socio-economic aspects, both in clinical and community settings.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/122220
10.1017/S1368980011002278

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