Consideration of local instabilities in beam finite elements by means of effective constitutive laws
Franssen, Jean-Marc[Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur SE > Ingénierie du feu >]
Cowez, Baptiste[Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur SE > Ingénierie du feu >]
Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Structures in Fire
7th International Conference on Structures in Fire
June 6-8 2012
[en] Structures in fire ; Slender cross-section ; Beam finite Elements ; Bernoulli
[en] In the fire situation, Bernoulli beam finite elements are the workhorse used in the general calculation model for simulating the behaviour of the structure. Such finite elements treat all sections as class 1 (stocky) sections whatever the slenderness of the plates that make the section, allowing the development of a full plastic stress distribution in the section which leads to complete plastic redistribution in the structure. This type of element is thus not adapted for modelling structures that contain slender sections of class 2, 3 or 4. This document presents a new approach to take into account local instabilities using beam finite elements. The new approach is based on an effective constitutive law of steel. The effective law is not symmetrical with respect to tension and compression because, in tension, the stress-strain relationship is not modified whereas, in compression, the stress-strain relationship is modified.