[en] Oculomotor palsy, ; third cranial nerve ; germ cell
[en] PURPOSE: Third cranial nerve palsies are unfrequent in childhood and adolescence and are most often congenital. The association of sellar germ cell tumor and ophthalmoplegia is considered as being very rare at this age. CASE REPORT: A 11-year-old young girl was examined in emergency with a third left cranial nerve partial palsy associated with one- year duration history of hypopituitarism with insipid diabetes and growth retardation. Cerebral IRM revealed a tumor of the pituitary gland. In histopathological examination of pituitary gland biopsies, lesions were compatibles with a sellar germ cell tumor. CONCLUSION: Although they are most often of a congenital nature, third cranial nerve palsies in childhood may be secondary to other causes that should be always taken in mind. When they are secondary to a sellar tumor and according to the clinical presentation and the IRM, the histopahological examination of biopsies is mandatory to have a precise diagnosis.