|Reference : Ti alloys processed by selective laser melting and by laser cladding: microstructures an...|
|Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book|
|Engineering, computing & technology : Materials science & engineering|
|Ti alloys processed by selective laser melting and by laser cladding: microstructures and mechanical properties|
|Mertens, Anne [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Science des matériaux métalliques >]|
|Contrepois, Quentin [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Science des matériaux métalliques >]|
|Dormal, Thierry [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique >]|
|Lemaire, Olivier [> >]|
|Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Science des matériaux métalliques >]|
|proceedings of 12th EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON SPACECRAFT STRUCTURES, MATERIALS & ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING, Noordwijk 20-23 mars 2012|
|12th EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON SPACECRAFT STRUCTURES, MATERIALS & ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING|
|du 20 au 23 Mars 2012|
|esa - cnes - DLR|
|[en] Ti alloys ; Additive manufactturing ; Microstructure & MEchanical properties ; Laser Cladding|
|[en] Selective laser melting (SLM) and laser cladding were developed in the late 1990s as economic layer-by-layer near-net-shape processes allowing for the production – and also, in the case of laser cladding, the restoration - of complex parts. Both techniques involve the melting of a metallic powder with a laser. In the case of SLM, the metallic powder is deposited layer by layer and then molten locally according to the desired shape, whereas in laser cladding the metallic powder is projected onto a substrate through a tube coaxial with the laser. In both processes, the metallic melt pools then cool down and solidify very rapidly, thus producing strongly out of equilibrium microstructures that might exhibit high internal stresses.
In the present work, efforts have been made to enhance the flexibility of the laser cladding process: a second laser with a maximum power of 300W was installed beside the original laser (with a higher maximum power of 2000W), thus allowing for the processing of parts with thinner walls and/or coatings. Moreover, flexibility was also improved in relation with the geometry of the parts by use of a 5-axes displacement control.
Samples of alloy Ti-6Al-4V, that is widely used in the aeronautic industry due to its high specific strength, have been processed both by SLM and by laser cladding. The resulting microstructures have been characterised in details by optical microscopy, SEM and EBSD so as to allow for a better understanding of the solidification process and of the subsequent phase transformations taking place upon cooling for both techniques. The influence of processing parameters such as the orientation of the deposition of the successive powder layers on the mechanical properties was also investigated by means of uniaxial tensile testing performed on samples with different deposition orientations in regard to the direction of mechanical solicitation. Moreover, some of the samples for mechanical testing had undergone an annealing treatment at 640°C for 4 hours to relieve internal stresses, in order to assess more precisely the effect of those stresses on the tensile properties.
|Région Wallonne (RX) - Communauté Européenne (FEDER)|
|Researchers ; Professionals|
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