Reference : The effect of collagenated space filling materials in sinus bone augmentation: a study i...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Dentistry & oral medicine
The effect of collagenated space filling materials in sinus bone augmentation: a study in rabbits
LAMBERT, France mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Médecine dentaire >]
Léonard, Angélique mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de chimie appliquée > Génie chimique - Procédés et développement durable >]
Drion, Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > GIGA-R:Méth. expér.des anim. de labo et éth. en expér. anim. >]
Sourice, S. [> >]
Pilet, Paul [> >]
Rompen, Eric mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de science dentaire > Chirurgie bucco-dentaire et parodontologie >]
Clinical Oral Implants Research
Munksgaard International Publishers
[en] bone regeneration ; collagen ; histomorphometry ; hydroxyapatite ; osteoconduction
[en] Aim: The inclusion of biomaterial particles used for alveolar bone regeneration in a carrier or in
binding agents such as collagen gel or fibers is of interest as a means to help with surgical
handling. However, the possible influence of collagen on bone tissue response to biomaterials is
poorly studied. The objective of the present study was to investigate, in a sub-sinus bone
augmentation model in rabbits, the effect of collagen at different stages of the osteogenesis
process. Histologic, histomorphometric and volumetric analyses were performed.
Materials and methods: Rabbits underwent a double sinus lift procedure using bovine
hydroxyapatite (BHA), collagenated bovine hydroxyapatite (BHAColl), and prehydrated and
collagenated porcine hydroxyapatite (PHAColl). Animals were sacrificed at 1 week, 5 weeks or
6 months. Samples were subjected to X-ray micro-tomography and histology. Qualitative analysis
was performed on the non-decalcified sections and quantitative histomorphometric analyses were
conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Volume variations of bone augmentations
were calculated at different time points.
Results: The three biomaterials allowed an optimal bone formation and were able to equally
withstand sinusal reexpansion. A comparable percentage of new bone, as well as 3D volume
stability, was found between the groups at each time point. However, the PHAColl resorption rate
was significantly higher than the rates in other groups (P = 0.0003), with only 3.6% of the particles
remaining at 6 months. At 1 week, both collagenated groups displayed the presence of
inflammatory cells although BHA did not show any sign of inflammation. At 5 weeks and
6 months, the inflammatory process had disappeared completely in the BHAColl groups, whereas
some inflammatory-like cells could still be observed around the remaining particles of PHAColl.
Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the limitations of this study in rabbits, the findings
showed the presence of inflammatory-like cells at the early stage of bone regeneration when
collagenated xenogenic biomaterials were used compared to xenogenic granules alone.
Nevertheless, similar bone formation occurred and comparable 3D volumes were found at
6 months in the different groups.
CHU ; ULG- GIGA-Animal Facility
Fonds propres
Researchers ; Professionals
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S

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